And I want to, and inject - this is how you can characterize the attitude of many future parents to love making during pregnancy.
Some cannot resist sexual desire. Others are even afraid to think about having sex while waiting for a baby. And still others are ready to give up sex, because they believe that during pregnancy you need to think about "much more important matters."
In what cases sex during pregnancy has the right to exist, and in what sexual desire it is better for future parents to resist, "Letidor" was told by Lyudmila Aleksandrovna Tarasova, a doctor of the first category, a gynecologist-endocrinologist, an ultrasound diagnostics doctor, a dermatovenerologist, a cosmetologist, a trichologist, specialist in laser, plasma and radio wave technologies at the Lito Medical clinic (@lito_medical).
How pregnancy affects a woman's sexual desire
Sexual desire, or libido, in women can change, as well as mood. The fact is that it all depends on the hormonal background.
During pregnancy, there is a restructuring of the rhythm of the entire endocrine system of a woman. This, in turn, causes a change in all her behavioral reactions: strange behavior, a change in food preferences, including sexual desire. It is unpredictable: one woman becomes passionate, and she constantly wants sex, another - grows cold to it and may even begin to feel aversion to sex life.
It all depends on the ratio and level of hormones: progesterone, testosterone, estrogen (their level changes during pregnancy).
These hormones increase vaginal blood flow, the sensitivity of erogenous zones, and activate neurochemical reactions in the cerebral cortex. The state of the mammary glands also changes: they increase and their sensitivity increases. With an increase in the level of the hormone prolactin and oxytocin, there are hot flashes of tenderness and desire for a partner.
In the early stages of pregnancy, a woman may feel suspicious about her new condition. Thus, libido can be reduced.
In 80% of women, the main peak of the rise in libido occurs in the second trimester.
What are the benefits for a woman in having sex during pregnancy
If pregnancy proceeds normally, sex can bring many "bonuses" for a woman: sexual intercourse improves mood, at this moment the labor process is gently stimulated, headaches disappear, endorphins have an analgesic effect.
First of all, sexual intercourse is recommended if a woman is walking over a pregnancy.
To speed up the birth process, doctors recommend unprotected sex.
The fact is that the semen of a man contains substances that accelerate the process of smoothing and dilating the cervix. This is important for natural childbirth. It is important to listen to your feelings. With the appearance of pain, bloody discharge and discharge of the mucous plug, sex should be stopped.
Should I give up sex in the first trimester of pregnancy?
It is important to understand that the protective functions of the body in the first trimester of pregnancy are reduced, therefore, the susceptibility to various kinds of infections increases.
In the first weeks of pregnancy, the risk of infection of the fetus and the still unprotected placenta is very high.
During intercourse, the tone of the uterus may increase, and the risk of trauma to the vaginal mucosa is also high.
If a woman does not have strict prohibitions from a doctor on sexual intercourse, then you should not neglect making love during pregnancy. But it is necessary to limit the saturation of sexual activity (the amount of sex, its nature) and to strengthen the requirements for personal hygiene on the part of both partners.
Why a doctor might prohibit sex during pregnancy
In some cases, you will have to give up sex during pregnancy, regardless of the woman's desire.
The doctor can prohibit sex when the expectant mother has a threat of termination of pregnancy or premature birth:
- increased tone of the uterus;
- bloody issues;
- isthmicocervical insufficiency;
- habitual miscarriage (history of miscarriages);
- placenta previa or its low location; With placenta previa, there is a risk of bleeding, which can threaten the life of the unborn child and the woman herself.
- multiple pregnancy;
- the partner has a sexual infection.
I repeat, hormonal changes occur during pregnancy. The fact is that this affects the mucous membrane of the genital tract of a pregnant woman: it becomes more vulnerable, its protective function is disrupted, the biotope of the vaginal flora changes, the pH of the vaginal secretion rises, the growth of conditionally pathogenic flora increases (fungi of the genus Candida, Gardnerella, ureaplasma, increases the amount of coccal flora), and lactobacilli (the normal biotope of the vaginal flora) becomes smaller.
This can lead to an increased risk of infection with STDs (sexually transmitted diseases), to the ascending route of infection into the uterus, to the development of a threat of termination of pregnancy, as well as to infection of the membranes of the membranes and premature birth.
How the rules of sex should change at different stages of pregnancy
With the increase in the gestational age and the growth of the fetus, the woman's abdominal circumference increases.
It is important to use sex positions in which there is no pressure on the abdomen (for example, on the side).
Movements during sex should be as careful as possible (especially in the later stages). The number of intercourse should be minimized, and in certain conditions, excluded.
In most cases, the use of lubricants is not required, since during pregnancy a woman's blood supply to the vaginal mucosa increases and the secretion of her own lubricant increases.
But some women may experience vaginal dryness during pregnancy. Then the use of lubricants will be justified. But before using them, you need to consult a doctor who observes a pregnant woman!
It is definitely impossible to use lubricants that contain substances that have an exciting effect (they can lead to termination of pregnancy).