Even Logical Positivists Are Capable Of Love: 10 Philosophers With Ambiguous Ideas About Love

Even Logical Positivists Are Capable Of Love: 10 Philosophers With Ambiguous Ideas About Love
Even Logical Positivists Are Capable Of Love: 10 Philosophers With Ambiguous Ideas About Love

Video: Even Logical Positivists Are Capable Of Love: 10 Philosophers With Ambiguous Ideas About Love

Video: PHILOSOPHY - Sartre 2022, December
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In the biographies of philosophers and writers, there are often scandalous novels, intrigues, broken engagements and illegitimate children. This is reflected in their worldview and professional views. The Big Think has compiled a list of thinkers for whom love has played an important role in creativity or lifestyle. "Theory and Practice" publishes the translation of the material.

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“To be afraid of love is to be afraid of life, and those who are afraid of life are already three-quarters dead” Bertrand Russell. "Marriage and Morality"

The 3rd Earl Russell was at the forefront of analytical philosophy, and some of his ideas about modern love (such as support for the rights of sexual minorities) were so scandalous that after he expounded them in his book Marriage and Morality (1929), nobody wanted to hire him. He was married four times and also had numerous affairs when he separated from his first wife. Russell believed that the institution of marriage was wonderful in itself, but it should not be limited by Victorian norms. Until his death, he advocated for gay rights, free love and new thinking.

“The fear of being alone or living without love has made women of all races passively accept sexism and oppression by sexists,” Bell Hooks. Ain't I a Woman? (1981)

The American writer, feminist and philosopher Bell Hooks, after breaking up with several guys, came to the conclusion that a suitable text about love that would help her men maintain their relationship has not yet been written. She decided to take it on her own. In her book, All About Love: New Views (2000), Hooks argues that today's definition of love has been emasculated by the overuse of the word. Starting from the idea that love is a verb, she talks about how you can improve its modern concept and remove obstacles in its path. Hooks vehemently notes that unequal power and the difference in society's demands on men and women when it comes to love is a particular problem.

"Even Logical Positivists Can Love" Alfred Jules Iyer. Profiles (Kenneth Tynen, 1989)

British positivist Alfred Jules Iyer held an honorary position as professor of logic at the University of Oxford. He had four marriages and three wives. Heartbroken after the death of his third wife, Iyer remarried his second, Albert Wells, a year before his own death. He also had several affairs and at least one illegitimate daughter. Despite all his love affairs, Iyer defended the norms of romantic behavior. When he was 77, he saw heavyweight champion Mike Tyson harassing a girl at a party; the philosopher chastised the young boxer and let his victim slip away.

“You see, starting to love someone is a whole business. You need energy, curiosity, blindness. At the beginning there is even such a moment when you need to jump over the abyss: you just have to think, and you can’t do it”Jean-Paul Sartre. Nausea (1938)

Sartre was a French existentialist and associate of Simone De Beauvoir. In accordance with the requirements of modern life and the feminism of the second wave, they were in an open relationship, which for 50 years either gained momentum, then subsided. In addition, the infamous novels of Sartre with his protégé, who were much younger than the philosopher. Despite the fact that he and Simone never got married, his love for her was evident, and at the end of his life he noted how wonderful it was to know her for so long.

“They said that I refuse to recognize the value of love and maternal instinct. This is not true.I simply asked that women be allowed to experience them truly and freely, as they often use them as excuses and take refuge in them only to become prisoners of this refuge when feelings are extinguished in their hearts. I was accused of preaching promiscuity, but under no circumstances, never, and did I advise anyone to sleep as long as with whom, as long as wherever.”Simone De Beauvoir. "The Force of Circumstances" (1963)

Jean-Paul Sartre's partner Simone De Beauvoir was in her own way romantic nature. She has almost as many novels as he does, and she criticized the idea that her behavior was unacceptable from a feminist point of view. However, she was denied the right to teach due to the fact that she seduced several of her students. Simone believed that many aspects of love, romance and marriage are humiliating for a woman, and tried to live in such a way as to solve this problem. She maintained a relationship with Sartre while wearing a ring donated by her lover Nelson Olgren.

“Get married and you will regret it; do not marry, and you will regret it too; if you marry or don’t marry, you will regret both”Seren Kierkegaard. "Either-or" (1843)

Perhaps the most hopeless romantic on this list. Kierkegaard fell unconscious in love with a girl named Regina Olsen, who was also crazy about him. He proposed to her, but a month later he broke off the engagement and returned her wedding ring by mail. His decision destroyed both: she threatened to commit suicide, he cried at night. There is a hypothesis that Kierkegaard was afraid that he could not be as good a husband, writer and Christian as he wanted. Realizing this, he chose the last two items. Worrying about the lives we cannot live became the main subject of his reflections. This romance influenced all of his works, and he, as expected, always regretted what happened.

"The ultimate goal of all love affairs, whether played out on a catturn or on tiptoe, is really more important than all other goals in human life" Arthur Schopenhauer

Schopenhauer, although he praised asceticism, still struggled to acquire a decent social and personal life. And if with the former his connections helped him well, in the latter he was rather unlucky. Nevertheless, he evaluated love positively and considered it one of the main motivations of a person to act. His work on the "will to live" became the harbingers of Freudian views of the subconscious. Despite this attitude towards love, he still managed to find a reason for pessimism in it. He argued that most people choose disgusting spouses, have too many children, and end up unhappy anyway.

“Nobody can teach you about love. You must find love yourself, inside your being, raising your consciousness to the highest level. When love comes, there is no question of responsibility. You are doing something simply because you enjoy it, you enjoy doing something for the person you love.”Osho Rajneesh. Sachchidananda (1988)

Osho Rajneesh is an Indian guru who during his life was considered a rather controversial figure. Unlike most spiritual mentors who are celibate, Rajneesh adhered to a more liberal attitude towards sexuality, considering it a stage on the path to overcoming sexual desire. He pointed out (as did Bertrand Russell before him) that suppression of sexuality would lead to a society obsessed with sex. Once a person has satisfied his desire, he can truly focus on universal love.

“The cause of unhappy marriages is a lack of friendship, not a lack of love” Friedrich Nietzsche. "Beyond Good and Evil" (1886)

Friedrich Nietzsche proposed three times to the same woman, Lou Salomé.Her rejections broke him, and aside from an accidental sympathy for Wagner's wife, he finally gave up his romantic aspirations after he was rejected by Lou. However, he later emphasized that Socrates was the only married philosopher among the greats - the most powerful argument against marriage for intellectuals that he could think of. Although Nietzsche lived alone for most of his sane life, he believed that for most people marriage is reasonable, but questioned their approach to this issue. In Human, Too Human (1878), he suggested that it is more beneficial for men to have several marriages in a row. His (alarmingly sexist) position on women was that they preferred marriage and family life.

"Love and compassion are a necessity, not a luxury" Dalai Lama XIV

Although the Dalai Lama is a celibate monk, he has a lot to say about love. Although he approves of the rejection of sex and marriage, he is aware of their attractiveness and uses the problems associated with them to help understand his position. For him, the greatest purpose of love is to love the world and everyone who is in the world, no matter how many difficulties fate throws at us.

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