MOSCOW, December 22 - RIA Novosti. Researchers at the Moscow State Psychological and Pedagogical University (MGPPU) have established a link between the goal-setting of boys and girls and the peculiarities of their psychological separation from their parents. This data will form the basis of psychological assistance programs to teach young people to take responsibility for the self-realization of plans and goals. The results are published in the journal "Psychological and Pedagogical Research".
The modern family remains quite conservative from the point of view of passing on basic norms and values to the younger generation, according to experts of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education. When the time comes to let the child go, not all parents are ready to part with him psychologically, so that he can begin to build his own life on his own.
According to scientists, it is important that the process of the psychological separation of a young person from the parental family is completed in a timely manner. This will allow young men and women to reach a new level of relations with their parents, realize their professional and personal capabilities in adult life, and create their own family.
The scientists of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education determined how the psychological separation of boys and girls from full families from their parents is connected with the peculiarities of setting and realizing goals. They came to the conclusion that psychological separation from parents at a student age is important for the development of goal-setting in various spheres of life.
The structural model of psychological separation includes several components - emotional (reducing dependence on parental disapproval); conflict (freedom from excessive feelings of guilt, anxiety, mistrust, responsibility); attitudinal (assessing the situation based on their personal experience, not the experience of their parents) and functional (a person's ability to ensure their existence apart from their parents).
In the course of the study, the scientists of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education found that young men faster than girls achieve emotional separation from mother and father, attitudinal and functional separation from mother. They demonstrate great emotional independence, making responsible decisions, independence in everyday life from their parents. Young men are characterized by such values-goals as "productive life", "intransigence" and "efficiency". They are more satisfied with the achievement of goals and the effectiveness of life.
Girls show great psychological dependence on their parents, strive to maintain an emotionally close, supportive relationship with their mother, are guided by the opinion and advice of their parents in making important decisions. They are aimed at realizing such traditional values-goals as "love", "happy family life" and "neatness."
Psychological separation from both parents is especially useful for young men, and for girls from the father. Fathers are more supportive of the separation of both boys and girls, encouraging them to achieve independence from parental approval, judgment and position.
According to the authors, the results of the study will help to develop programs of differentiated psychological assistance for young men and women in taking responsibility for the independent formulation and implementation of plans and goals in various areas of their lives.
“We managed to reveal the peculiarities of psychological separation from parents of boys and girls living in full parental families.This contributes to the theoretical understanding of psychological patterns and ways of becoming a personality at a student age, "said Anna Litvinova, associate professor of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education.
In the future, the researchers plan to study the processes of psychological separation as a resource for the development of goal-setting in students from different types of families - incomplete, problematic, interethnic, differing in internal problem tensions and contradictions.