Sobesednik.ru found out which female diseases are most often detected at a gynecologist's appointment.
“You have a polyp” - every tenth woman has heard at least once in her life. We are talking about an endometrial polyp - a rounded formation of tissues lining the inside of the uterus. There is nothing wrong with a single polyp, it is a benign "find". However, it can grow and, once it reaches a certain size, it starts to cause trouble. For example, it bleeds. Or it may interfere with pregnancy. Lower abdominal pain can also be associated with a large polyp. And - irregular critical days. In 2-3 percent of cases, unfortunately, an initially harmless polyp can become malignant.
What to do about it: The polyp is removed in a fairly simple operation - a special loop or using a laser. The smaller the polyp, the easier it is to do and the easier it is for a woman.
Endometriosis is a situation when the inner layer of the uterus begins to grow uncontrollably - and often beyond its limits, spreading to neighboring organs. The disease is strange, so far poorly understood, and for doctors it is a great mystery. But, unfortunately, it is very common. Endometriosis does not always appear in the early stages, but even if it makes itself felt, many women do not pay attention to it - you never know what can ache in the lower abdomen. It is still difficult to say who develops endometriosis more often, what helps to protect themselves, too. But it is definitely impossible to leave it unattended, since there is a possibility of endometriosis degenerating into cancer.
What to do about it: only ultrasound for diagnosing endometriosis is not enough, additional studies are needed - for example, laparoscopy. It is treated both with hormonal drugs and with the help of an operation.
When a woman undergoes an ultrasound of the pelvic organs, the ovaries are carefully examined. Cysts (formations in the form of bubbles) are found on them very often - so much so that some women consider them a common thing, not a cause for worry. As a result, it turns out that in 70 percent of cases, ovarian cancer is detected by doctors at stage III – IV, that is, very late. It can be difficult to diagnose because the ovaries are deep in the body. Difficulty in accessibility and late treatment are the reasons why mortality from this type of cancer is so high now, despite the existence of different diagnostic methods.
What to do with it: they do the following with ovarian cysts: first they are observed for 2-3 months - the so-called functional cysts disappear by themselves during this time. If the lesion remains, surgery is needed, even if there is no reason to suspect cancer. Now even a large cyst can be removed, practically without touching the ovary (before they were removed together), and the operations are performed laparoscopically - through a tiny incision. After that, you can not overheat, visit baths and saunas, sunbathe in the sun and in a solarium - all this can provoke either relapses or the development of a tumor in another ovary.
The uterus consists of several layers, one of which is muscular. Its medical name is myometrium, and the tumor that can grow out of it is myoma. This formation is found extremely often - according to some doctors, almost all women over 35-40 have fibroids. Although one or several of them can be found in a very young woman. Why fibroids appear is not known for sure: among the versions - hormonal disruptions (by the way, the fibroid itself also affects the hormonal background of a woman, so this is not just a local tumor), abortions, untreated inflammations, even stress. Fibroids can be both tiny and gigantic - up to a few pounds.
What to do about it: Depends on the size and location of the fibroid.Little ones are sometimes left alone, observing them - in this case, ultrasound should be done regularly, even if the fibroids do not report themselves in any way. If it is decided to remove the fibroids, endoscopic methods are used - the uterus, as before, is now practically not removed. In addition, the nodes are heated or treated, blocking the access of blood to them. Whichever method the doctor chooses, a woman who once had fibroids needs to be monitored constantly after her treatment.
[: wsame:] [: wsame:]